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Monica Seles: Triumph, Tragedy and Resilient Revolution! WTA Legends #7

Monica Seles, a name synonymous with resilience and exceptional talent in the world of tennis, has a story that begins in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia (now Serbia), where she was born on December 2, 1973. Monica’s journey is not just about her triumphs on the court but also a narrative of a young girl’s love for the game, nurtured under the watchful eyes of her parents, Karolj, a professional cartoonist, and Esther, a computer programmer. This familial environment, rich in support and creativity, laid the foundation for what was to become a historic career in tennis.

From a very young age, Seles showed an extraordinary aptitude for tennis, wielding her racket with both hands—a technique that was both unique and powerful, allowing her to hit the ball with remarkable force. It wasn’t long before this young prodigy was winning titles, including the prestigious European 12-and-under championship at the tender age of 10. Her talent caught the eye of Nick Bollettieri, one of the most revered tennis coaches of the time, prompting the Seles family to move to the United States to further Monica’s career at Bollettieri’s Tennis Academy.

Seles’s professional journey

Seles’s professional journey began at age 14, turning heads with her debut in 1988 and turning professional in 1989. It was a swift ascent from there, with Monica winning her first professional title in May 1989, defeating Chris Evert. She displayed her burgeoning prowess by reaching the semifinals of the French Open shortly after, setting a precedent for her meteoric rise in the sport.

Monica’s breakthrough came in 1990 when she won the French Open, becoming the youngest-ever champion of the tournament at the age of 16. This victory was not just a personal triumph but a moment of historical significance, setting the stage for a career that was both brilliant and unprecedented. Seles’s aggressive playing style, characterized by her powerful double-handed forehand and backhand, made her a formidable opponent on the court. Her achievements during this period included a remarkable streak of winning eight Grand Slam singles titles before her 20th birthday, a testament to her dominance in the sport.

Years of unparalleled success

1991 and 1992 were years of unparalleled success for Seles, who not only maintained her position as the world No. 1 but also captured several Grand Slam titles. Her victories were not just about the trophies but also about her ability to challenge and elevate the women’s game to new heights. Seles’s influence extended beyond her matches, as she was a pivotal figure in some of the most memorable moments in tennis history, including a significant win against Martina Navratilova in the U.S. Open, marking the widest age gap in a Grand Slam final in the Open Era.

However, Monica’s journey was not without its challenges. The infamous grunting controversy at Wimbledon, where her on-court grunting became a subject of media scrutiny, showcased not just the physical but also the mental resilience required to excel at the highest levels of sport. Despite these distractions, Seles’s focus and determination never wavered, as evidenced by her continued success, including her defense of major titles and her record of being the youngest player to win 30 titles before her 19th birthday.

Seles’s early career was a blend of groundbreaking achievements and personal trials, a narrative that speaks volumes about her character and her indelible impact on tennis. Her story before the attack in 1993 is a testament to her incredible talent, mental strength, and the unyielding support of her family, which propelled her from the courts of Novi Sad to the global stage​.

The knife attack

On April 30, 1993, during a quarterfinal match at the Citizen Cup in Hamburg, Germany, Monica Seles was attacked. While Seles was resting on the sidelines, Günter Parche, an obsessed fan of Steffi Graf, approached her and stabbed her in the back with a knife. The attack was not only shocking because of its violence but also because it happened in such a public and seemingly safe space. Seles sustained physical injuries that were not life-threatening but took a significant psychological toll, leading to a hiatus from competitive tennis that lasted more than two years. This incident raised serious concerns about athlete safety at sporting events and led to increased security measures in tennis and other sports.

The stabbing was not just an unprecedented attack on a leading sports figure but also a pivotal moment that forever altered the landscape of (women’s) tennis. The incident not only paused the career of one of the most dominant players in tennis but also led to significant changes in the security protocols at sporting events worldwide.

Monica Seles was at the height of her career, having dethroned Graf as the world No. 1 and winning eight Grand Slam titles before the age of 20. The attack, which resulted in a physical injury that healed relatively quickly, had profound psychological impacts on Seles, sidelining her for more than two years. The immediate aftermath for Seles was a journey through physical recovery, but the deeper scars were mental and emotional, leading to struggles with depression and eating disorders that she would later reveal in her autobiography.

Influence on the tennis world

For the tennis world, the attack on Seles was a stark wake-up call regarding the safety of players. Prior to this incident, the security at tennis events was relatively lax, with fans enjoying close proximity to the athletes. The attack led to an overhaul of security measures, including increased distance between players and spectators, enhanced security checks, and a more vigilant approach to the protection of athletes both on and off the court.

The ramifications of the stabbing extended beyond the immediate concerns of security. There was a significant shift in the dynamics of women’s tennis. Graf resumed her dominance in the absence of Seles, capturing Grand Slam titles and holding the No. 1 ranking for an extended period. The competitive landscape of the sport was undeniably altered, with many pondering the what-ifs of Seles’s career and the potential duels between her and Graf, as well as the emerging stars of the time.

Return to tennis

Seles’s return to tennis in 1995 was met with a mix of admiration and intense scrutiny. Despite winning her first tournament back and adding a ninth Grand Slam title at the 1996 Australian Open, Seles never fully regained her pre-attack form. Her comeback, while courageous, highlighted the lasting impact of the incident not only on her career but also on her persona. Seles, once known for her unbreakable focus and ferocity on the court, now carried the weight of vulnerability, a stark reminder of the attack’s lasting effects.

The incident raised broader discussions about the mental health of athletes, the pressures of professional sports, and the dark side of fandom. It underscored the necessity for comprehensive support systems for athletes facing trauma and the importance of addressing mental health with the same seriousness as physical injuries.

The legacy of the attack

The legacy of the attack on Monica Seles is multifaceted. It led to a reevaluation of security measures in sports, contributing to safer environments for athletes. It also opened conversations about the psychological well-being of athletes, leading to increased awareness and resources dedicated to mental health in sports. For Seles, it was a tragic interruption to a phenomenal career and a life-altering event that she navigated with remarkable resilience. Her return to the sport and subsequent achievements, including her induction into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2009, are testaments to her strength and enduring legacy in the face of adversity.

The stabbing of Monica Seles remains one of the most shocking moments in sports history, a sobering reminder of the vulnerabilities of athletes and the profound impact of their struggles and triumphs on the world of sports and beyond.

Monica Seles’s playing style

Monica Seles’s playing style was as distinctive as it was effective, setting her apart from her contemporaries in women’s tennis. Known for her aggressive baseline play, Seles revolutionized the game with her power and precision. Her most notable characteristic was her two-handed forehand and backhand, a rarity in the sport that allowed her an exceptional degree of control and power. This technique, developed under the guidance of her father and coach, Karolj Seles, contributed significantly to her dominance on the court during the late 1980s and early 1990s.

What Was Special?

Two-Handed Strokes: Seles’s two-handed forehand and backhand were groundbreaking. This style was not only unique but also allowed her to generate unparalleled power and depth, keeping her opponents on the defensive.

Return of Serve: Seles was renowned for her aggressive return of serve, often turning defensive positions into offensive opportunities. Her ability to immediately put pressure on her opponent’s serve was a key aspect of her game.

Baseline Dominance: Seles’s strategy primarily involved controlling matches from the baseline, from where she would dictate play with her powerful groundstrokes. Her capacity to hit winners from both wings made her a formidable opponent.

Mental Toughness: Beyond her physical skills, Seles’s competitive spirit and mental toughness were crucial to her success. She was known for her ability to fight back under pressure, a trait that served her well in tight matches.

What Changed After the Attack?

Post-attack, Seles’s return to tennis was highly anticipated, but it was evident that the incident had left its mark. Physically, she struggled with injuries and fitness, which impacted her mobility on the court. Mentally, the trauma of the attack and the subsequent break from professional play took a toll on her game.

Physicality and Mobility: After her return, Seles’s game showed signs of decreased mobility. While still powerful, her ability to cover the court as effectively as before was hampered, affecting her defensive play.

Mental Aspect: The psychological impact of the attack was significant. While Seles remained a formidable competitor, the sheer dominance and mental fortitude she displayed before the incident were understandably affected.

Competitive Edge: Seles was still able to win matches and tournaments, including a Grand Slam (the 1996 Australian Open) after her return. However, the dominance she exhibited prior to the attack, where she seemed almost invincible, was less frequent.

The Good and The Not So Good

The Good: Seles’s playing style broke new ground in women’s tennis. Her two-handed strokes, aggressive play, and mental toughness were not just hallmarks of her game but also sources of inspiration for future generations. Her ability to dominate from the baseline and her revolutionary return game set new standards in the sport.

The Not So Good: The primary drawback of Seles’s playing style, especially noticeable after her return, was its physical demand. Her game relied heavily on power and depth, which, coupled with decreased mobility and the physical aftereffects of her hiatus, could lead to inconsistencies against fast-moving opponents or those who excelled in defensive play. Additionally, her aggressive style required precise timing and footwork, elements that were more challenging to maintain after her return.


Despite the tragic interruption in her career, Monica Seles’s impact on tennis is undeniable. Her playing style, characterized by power, aggression, and mental fortitude, influenced a generation of players. The changes in her game post-attack highlight not just the physical and mental challenges athletes can face after trauma but also the resilience required to overcome them. Seles’s legacy is not only in the titles and matches won but also in the spirit and innovation she brought to the sport.

Post-Career Ventures and Business Endeavors

Monica Seles, beyond her illustrious tennis career, has ventured into various fields, including writing and advocacy. Her autobiography, “Getting a Grip: On My Body, My Mind, My Self,” showcases not just her journey in tennis but also her battles with depression and binge eating, illustrating her resilience off the court. Seles has used her platform to advocate for mental health awareness and eating disorder recovery, contributing to the broader conversation around athlete well-being and post-career life.

In addition to her advocacy work, Seles has dabbled in writing beyond autobiographical works, including a young adult novel, demonstrating her versatility and creativity. Her endeavors in the literary world signify a successful pivot from her athletic career, leveraging her experiences and insights to inspire and educate.

Future Outlook

Looking forward, Seles’s future endeavors will likely continue to intertwine her passion for health, wellness, and personal growth with her platform to inspire positive change. Her advocacy for mental health, in particular, positions her as a significant voice in discussions around athlete wellness and the transition to life after professional sports.

Given her history of resilience and adaptability, it’s plausible to anticipate that Seles might expand her role in mental health advocacy, potentially through partnerships with organizations dedicated to eating disorders and athlete wellness. Moreover, her involvement in tennis, whether through coaching, commentary, or mentorship, could continue to be a part of her professional landscape, offering her insights and experiences to the next generation of athletes.

Business Acumen

Seles’s foray into business and entrepreneurship could also see further development. With athletes increasingly becoming involved in startups and venture capital, Seles could leverage her fame and experience in health and wellness into business ventures or endorsements, particularly in areas related to fitness, nutrition, and mental health technology.


Monica Seles’s journey from a dominant force on the tennis court to a multifaceted advocate and author is a testament to her ability to evolve and adapt. Her legacy in tennis is secure, marked by groundbreaking achievements and a style of play that changed the game. Off the court, her endeavors reflect a commitment to using her experiences and platform for the greater good, advocating for mental health, and exploring creative outlets through writing.

As Seles moves forward, her continued impact on and off the tennis court will likely be guided by the same resilience, passion, and drive that characterized her playing career. Her story, from triumph and tragedy on the court to advocacy and personal growth off it, continues to inspire, offering lessons in resilience, reinvention, and the power of leveraging one’s platform to make a difference. Monica Seles’s future endeavors, whatever they may be, will undoubtedly carry forward the spirit of a champion, making a lasting impact on the worlds of sports, literature, and beyond.

Read more about another WTA legend in our recent blog post about Tracy Austin.

Picture Copyright: Stacey Warnke, CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Information gathered from: Wikipedia​, The Famous People​, Monica Seles Site

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